Mudumalai National Park in Nilgiri Hills - Overview
Mudumalai National park is situated at the northwestern side of the Nilgiri Hills which is the tri- junction of the three southern states of Tamilnadu, Kerala and Karnataka. Mudumalai National Park also declared as a Tiger Reserve is one of the first wild life sanctuary established in India. It is divided in five ranges- Masinaguri, Thepakadu, Mudumalai, Kargudi and Nellakota. It covers an area of 321 square kilometer and contiguous with Bandipur National Park, Wynad wild life sanctuary and Sigur and Singara reserve forests.
There are three main types of vegetation in the park
1) Tropical moist deciduous
2) Tropical dry deciduous
3) Southern tropical dry thorn forest
In addition to this we can see tropical semi ever green forest in the southwestern part of Madumalai.
Many tree species such as Casseria, Ovoides, Litsea mysorensis, Cinnamomum malabatrum and Olea dioca are found in the park. The plant species found in the park are Mangifera indica, Pongamia glabra, Terminalia arjuna, Syzygium Cumini, Indian rosewood and the Bamboos.
There are 50 species of fishes, 21 species of amphibians, 34 species of reptiles and 55 species of mammals are found here. Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, Jungle cat, Leopard cat, Indian elephant, Gray langur, Bonnet macaque, Sambar deer, Chital deer, Indian muntjac and Wild boar are some common animals of this park.
There are 227 bird species found in the park which includes 110 species of insectivores, 62 carnivores, 23 fishivores, 12 omnevores and 20 species of grainivores. Some predatory birds like crested hawk eagle, crested serpent eagle, changeable hawk eagle, black eagle, oriental honey buzzard, jetrdo's baza, bonelli's eagle, crested goshawk, besra, mottled wood owl and brown hawk owl can also be seen in this park.
Tourist attraction in Mudumalai National Park
1. Moyar River runs through the forest where the animals come to drink water.
2. Scenic Spot in the park are the chief minister watchtower, Kargudi view point, the Ombetta Lake, Circular Road, Manradian road, the safari van rides and sand road etc.
3. Elephant safari and van safari conducted by the forest department
4. The elephant feeding camp
5. Museum near the elephant feeding camp
6. Kallatty falls located at 30 kilometer from Theppakadu
7. Pykara Lake situated between the hills. Boating is also available here.
The nearby attraction
The nearby tourist attractive places are
1. Bandipur National Park
2. Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary
There are cottages of forest department within the forest.
Private resorts and guest houses are also available for visitors. Some of the resorts near the park are-
1. Jungle Home
Gudalur, Nilgiri District
Phone No: 04262-264198
2. Bear Mountain
3. Jungle Retreat
Masingudi p.o- 643223
Nilgiri District, Tamilnadu
Phone No: 91-423-2526469/70
4. Blue- Valley Resort
Phone No: 91-0432-2526244/2526344
Fax: 91-0423- 2526319
How to Reach Mudumalai National Park
The nearest airport is at Coimbatore which is 160 kilometers from the park
The nearest railway station is at Udhagamandalam which is 67 kilometers from the park but the convenient railhead is at Mysore which is 90 kilometers away from the park.
The Mysore- Ooty highway runs through the park. The nearest town Gudalur is situated along the highway which is 16 kilometers away from the park. There are regular bus service from Udhagamandalam , Mysotre and neighbouring town to the park.
1. Wildlife Warden
Mudumalai and Mukurthi National Park and Sanctuary
Mount Stuart Hill,
2. Reception Range Officer,
Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary & National Park, Theppakadu
Phone No: 0423-526235
Mudumalai national park is a great spot for wildlife lovers. We visited over a year ago, The drive into the forest areas was an awesome experience.