Tourist Destinations in Uttar Pradesh
Looking for a destination for the next holidays? Uttar Pradesh would make it memorable with its Himalayan foothills, river banks of Ganga and Yamuna and the wonderful art of historical monuments.
Uttar Pradesh located in the northern part of India near the capital of the country Delhi, combines the foothills of Himalaya and the Gangetic Plain that merges the religious and cultural traditions on the banks of rivers like Ganga and Yamuna. Home to one of the New Seven Wonders of the World, Taj Mahal, Uttar Pradesh is again known to be the holiest city for the Hindus. Rich with culture and tradition, Uttar Pradesh has its own mythological significance as both Ayodhya and Mathura, birthplaces of Lord Rama and Lord Krishna respectively are located in this state. Uttar Pradesh nurtures a rare combination of both Hindu and Muslim culture where Kathak Dance form originated as one of the eight classical dance forms of India. Multiple Cuisines like Awadhi cuisine, Mughlai cuisine, Kumauni cuisine attract tourists from all corners of the world into the state. Apart from major cities like Agra, Allahabad, Jhansi, Lucknow and Meerut, tourists long to visit the age old holy cities for Hindus like Mathura, Vrindavan, Gokul, Varanasi, Kushinar and Sarnath. Dudhwa National Park, Dudhwa Tiger Reserve and Pilibhit Tiger Reserve are world famous wildlife sanctuaries located in the state which are not to be missed.
Travel TipsUttar Pradesh is a mixture of various religion and culture. While visiting this state, one must keep in mind that every culture and religion has its own way of nurturing it. As a traveller, one has to show a basic acceptance to these norms, to avoid unnecessary controversy.
One more thing from many, today as we have the privilege of online transactions and plastic money, usage of cash is better to be reduced. As a state of different culture, Uttar Pradesh is a crowded place. So, it is recommended not to carry much cash around and beware of thugs and pickpockets.
As a traveller, it is also not a good idea to venture out alone in the late night. As the state doesn't have a metropolitan city in it, policing is not up to the mark. So better be safe than sorry.
How to ReachUttar Pradesh, is the state of varied tourist attractions, that has an influx of a large number of tourists and travellers both from within the country and across the borders. Thus, the state of Uttar Pradesh is made easily accessible from every directions and mode of transports. One can reach their by flights, trains, roadways or even with a combination of these ways. One can even take one's own private vehicle to drive in to this state, if it is a possibility. Here are the major places dedicated for each kind of transportation and to reach a particular destination in Uttar Pradesh, one has to go through the relevant places depending upon how much time, money and comfort is required.
Uttar Pradesh is comprised of four domestic airports placed in Agra, Lucknow, Kanpur and Varanasi. The capital of Uttar Pradesh is Lucknow which is well-connected to all the other major cities of the country like New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Patna where there are domestic flight operators. Among these the International airports are Varanasi and Lucknow.
One of the most common and economic ways of reaching Uttar Pradesh within the country is through rail. The major railway junction of Uttar Pradesh is Lucknow while there are other big junctions spread through the state are Agra, Allahabad, Bareilly, Faizabad, Kanpur, Jhansi, Moradabad, Mughal Sarai, Varanasi, Gorakhpur, Gonda, Sitapur and Tundla,. All these cities and towns are inter-connected to the different parts of the country through railway network. After reaching at one of these railway stations, tourists need to take buses or taxis to reach their final destination.
The national highway grid connects all parts of the state with important cities of the country. In addition to that there are state highways and district roads to provide the last mile connectivity. Regular Buses are run by State and private services between Uttar Pradesh and other major states of the country.
ActivitiesTo plan your trip well, here are some pre-planned activity package arranged by the Tourism department as well as other private tourism companies. You can start with the Taj Nature Walk in Agra that would show you all the green parks of Agra and continue the same with the Wildnest Travel & Photography session near Ghaziabad. There is a beautiful Sacred Lake Kusum Sarovar in Vrindavan to spend a few hours in serenity.
Do not miss out the famous Munshi Ghat also known as Darbhanga Ghat in Varanasi on the river bank of Ganga.
A trip to Jaisalmer in Meerut would take a couple of days to just skim through. The picturesque Chuka Beach in Pilibhit would struck everyone with awe and wonder.
Children would love to go for the Adventure Hangout in Noida while a stroll in AMR mall in Greater Noida would be a good place to collect some memoirs before you start back.
Timings & SeasonUttar Pradesh having a temperate climate, becomes very hot in the daytime in summers but in the night, the temperature falls down quite drastically. During winters, nights become chill and even in the daytime it is hard to escape the cold waves. Mornings are foggy and the cities suffer intense smog, especially in the industrial belt.
Days from Octobers to March looks comparatively even and smooth than the rest of the year. It is so because in summers the places would become intolerably hot and it is always a risk of being hit by the heat or suffering a sun stroke or from the hot waves known as Loo in the local language. Because of this, people of this celebrate all their fairs and festivals within this time frame, and you find Uttar Pradesh to be the most inviting in the months of October till March.
HistoryThe history of Uttar Pradesh stretches back to its political formation on 1 April 1937 in the modern history of India but the region represents the archaeological proof of the presence of human habitation that dates back to 85,000 and 73,000 years ago.
According to Hindu mythology, Rama the divine king of the Ramayana reigned in Ayodhya, the capital of Kosala and Krishna, from the Mahabharata known as the eighth reincarnation of Lord Vishnu, is said to be born in the city Mathura of Uttar Pradesh.
In 16th century, Babur, from Fergana Valley (now Uzbekistan), invaded the Khyber Pass and founded the Mughal Empire, that covered almost the entire India, including the soils of today's Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh and made Uttar Pradesh the heartland of the Mughal empire.
In the 18th century, after the fall of Mughal authority, Uttar Pradesh was taken over by the Maratha Empire, resulting in the Rohillas losing control of their Rohillkhand to the rulers of Maratha.
On 18th December 1788, the conflict between the Rohillas and Marathas ended with the arrest of Ghulam Qadir. In 1803, after the Second Anglo-Maratha War, British East India Company defeated the Maratha Empire and most of the region was controlled by British rule.
Post India's independence, Uttar Pradesh had its United Provinces reorganized in 1957.